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Главная|Журнал|Зима 2013|Green Building Market Situation in Russia
      

Green Building Market Situation in Russia

Marianna Brodach, Professor, Vice-President ABOK; Guy Eames, CEO

Russia is catching up quickly with the mature green building markets. The number of buildings certified to LEED and BREEAM is growing weekly.

Russia is catching up quickly with the mature green building markets. The number of buildings certified to LEED and BREEAM is growing weekly. National Green Building Standards have been developed and are coming into force GOST R 54964–2012 «Environmental requirements for real estate» and the National standards STO NOSTROY 2.35.4–2011 «Green building. Buildings and civil construction. Rating system for evaluation sustainability of residential and public buildings» and STO NOSTROY 2.35.69–2012 «Green building. Buildings and civil construction. Consideration of regional characteristics in the rating estimation of sustainability in building construction». DGNB the German standard is also known on the market. A Localised Passive House Standard is being implemented.

An Overview on Russian National Green Building Standards

GOST R 54964–2012

GOST R 54964–2012 is a conformity assessment method, environmental requirements to a property. The system is jointly developed by «Centre for Environmental Certifications – green standards» (supported by the Ministry of Nature Resource of Russia), the «National Association of Builders – NOSTROY» and «ABOK» (Association of Engineers for Heating Ventilation and Air Conditioning). The standard was approved in 2012 as a voluntary state standard, which will start to be operated in 2013. GOST R 54964–2012 is based on the Russian building regulations (GOST and SNiP) with a strong influence from the BREEAM and LEED benchmarking tools.

Business centre «Japan House» in Moscow (BREEAM In-Use Good)

Business centre «Japan House» in Moscow (BREEAM In-Use Good)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

STO NOSTROY 2.35.4–2011,
STO NOSTROY 2.35.69–2012

The standard STO NOSTROY 2.35.4–2011 was jointly created by ABOK, JSC Central Scientific Research Institute of Industrial Buildings and Scientific Production Association TERMEK. The standard was released in 2011 with support of National Association of Builders – NOSTROY. The standard complies with  international standards ISO, taking into account the national construction and sanitary norms, regulations and guidance documents. The standard is influenced by LEED, BREEAM, DGNB and HQE (France). It:

  • defines the principles, categories, evaluation criteria, sustainability indicators of habitat, as well as weighting for ratings for buildings;
  • provide a framework of basic indicators, which, when necessary are corrected or supplemented by coefficient parameters to reflect regional or local climate, energy, economic, social and even bespoke features;
  • establishes classes of sustainability for the built environment, including renovated residential and public buildings, for both the building and project documentation. The benchmarking system for «sustainable habitat» included in the standard STO NOSTROY 2.35.4–2011 includes basic values of the criteria and their equivalents, roughly corresponding to the conditions of the Moscow region. As Russia’s regions significantly differ by climatic diversity, resource potential (water and energy) and the potential for generating renewable power, there is an obvious need for a regional perspective in any rating tool. For such a regional perspective, categories and criteria of «sustainable habitat» base of the STO NOSTROY 2.35.69–2012 «Green building. Buildings and civil construction. Consideration of regional characteristics in the rating estimation of sustainability in building construction» are divided into two groups:
  1. Independent or mildly dependent on the regional characteristics and conditions – comfort and quality of the environment, quality of architecture and layout of the facility, comfort and environment of the internal environment, the quality of sanitary protection and waste management, environmental development, operation and utilization of the object, the quality of training and project management;
  2. Dependent on regional characteristics and conditions: water management, energy conservation and energy efficiency, the use renewable energy, economic efficiency.

The following formula is the basis for regional factors:

 

S = ∑S΄giv + Ssum.

Where S is the final S – factor;

S΄giv  – given the amount of points on the categories and criteria that take into account regional differences;

Ssum  – sum of points in categories and criteria which do not take into account regional characteristics, according to the STO NOSTROY 2.35.4–2011. Regional specificities are taken by obtaining corrective regional factors.

BREEAM

Office building in Imeretin Valley

 

More than 10 buildings are certified including a business centre Ducat Place III in Moscow – the first commercial real estate in Russia-certified by BREEAM. The building was awarded with a «Very Good» level by BREEAM Europe Offices scheme.

The total area of the business centre is more than 33 000 m2.

Developer: Hines.
Architect: Skidmore, Owings & Merrill.
Engineering Consultant: Ove Arup.

Due to environmental initiatives energy consumption of the building has decreased by almost 35 % in 2010 compared with 2008, with savings for tenants to more than $188,000 a year.

GOST R 54964–2012

1 building is under certification process (hotel «Russian Seasons» in Sochi, in the frame of the Olympic construction programme).

Passive House

One finished building received a certificate (passive house in South Butovo, Moscow).

12 Olympic facilities of various types (indoor and outdoor sports arenas, cottage village, university, office buildings, hotels and spa resorts as well as a railway station) in Sochi are being certified on individual criteria, developed in accordance with the logic BREEAM Bespoke International 2008–2011 standards.

An important result of certification of the Olympic facilities will be the development and approval of the so-called «checklist A10» – incorporation of European regulations used in the BREEAM system and Russian building regulations. When the developed checklist A10 system is approved by BRE Global (BREEAM operator), a number of Russian norms are deemed admissible as evidence for the BREEAM certification which will simplify the certification process.

As part of the certification process in Sochi there are some innovative technologies and solutions applied – important for Russia’s green building industry development:

  • The broad and extensive use of photovoltaic cells (PV panels) to generate electricity.
  • The broad and extensive use of solar hot water systems (SHW).
  • The use of high quality energy-efficient materials in construction (fit-out, glass and external surfaces).
  • The use of high-quality and efficient engineering equipment for buildings.
  • Implementing of innovative construction technologies that save time, money and reduce the overall impact on the environment.
  • The conservation and restoration of biodiversity in areas of construction.
  • The creation of cycle parking, paths and infrastructure.
  • Pilot charging points for electric vehicles (EV) some from renewable energy sources.
  • The partial use of both vertical and horizontal landscaping on buildings (green roofs and walls).
  • The widespread use of LED lighting.
  • Energy modelling at project design stage, which calculates project efficiency and helps to find optimal solutions and implementation methods.
  • The use of FSC-certified wood.

Other green buildings in Russia


Siemens office in Moscow (LEED Gold)

In addition to the buildings that are certified by green standards there are a number of objectively green and innovative buildings that deserve special attention and recognition because they demonstrate innovation in terms of ecology, economy, energy and resource efficiency as well as other aspects of the green construction.


Passive house in South Butovo (Passive House)

List of the most notable projects in 2012 according to the Russian Green Building Council (rugbc.org):

  1. «Hypercube» in Skolkovo (LEED v3). Includes many innovations implemented, including geothermal pumps for heating and cooling the building, PV PARANS etc.
  2. Business centre «Japan House» (first building in Russia by BREEAM In-Use). Retrofitting and refreshing a building constructed in 1995.
  3. «Olympic Park» passenger railway station in Sochi (first railway station by BREEAM Bespoke). Complex infrastructure projects, large-scale use of PV cells.
  4. «Hamilton Standard – Nauka» – Industrial Plant situated in Kimry, Tver Region (LEED-NC v2009). The first facility in Russia, certified to LEED-NC v2009.
  5. «House of Hope» (Dom Naderzhdy) Residential project in Tula region (Certified to LEED and National green standards by Ministry of Natural Resources) – Energy efficient residential housing, consisting of 17 apartments. This pilot social housing offers replacement housing for those presently living in slum conditions. This replicable project was created within the framework of the region program of modernization of slum dwellings in the form of a public-private partnership.
  6. Autonomous house in the city of Nizhny Novgorod. This is a unique pilot project – a detached building incorporating the widespread use of renewable energy sources (SHW, GSHP, and micro-wind). It currently serves as a showroom for a range of innovative technologies.
  7. The «Adler» passenger railway station in Sochi. Heating and hot water is provided by roof-mounted solar panels in this large-scale infrastructure project.
  8. «Bolshoy» (Big) Ice Palace in Sochi (BREEAM Bespoke). A unique high-tech sports indoor arena with large-scale application of LED lighting.
  9. «Siemens» Office in Moscow (LEED CI). The first building in Russia certified to LEED’s «Commercial Interiors – CI».
  10. FREEDOM house in the Moscow region. This detached residential pilot building consists of many prefabricated parts. The project makes widespread use of innovative technologies and materials. The «DIY» building has guidelines for erection by non-professional builders. It is made from lightweight prefabricated frames, fixtures and other individual modules – with extensive use of straw bales as insulation blocks. The project is implemented within the framework of a broad partnership of various companies.
  11. The Fisht Olympic Stadium (BREEAM Bespoke). Innovative roofing material from ETFE is to be installed using Vector Foiltec technology – for the first time in Russia.
  12. Passive house in South Butovo (Passive House). The project widely used materials and solutions by the leading chemical company – BASF.
  13. The «Triumph Park» residential complex in St. Petersburg (BREEAM Bespoke). Russia’s first residential complex certified according to BREEAM.
  14. «Russian Seasons Hotel» in Sochi (to the green standards system of voluntary certification by the Ministry of Natural Resources). Innovations included – the use of a green roof as well as the large-scale deployment of integrated PV panels in the façade and roof.
  15. Resource-and energy-efficient country residence in Voronezh. The building incorporates wide-spread use of materials and technologies, many supplied by Bayer companies;


Autonomous house in the city of Nizhny Novgorod

Examples of green technologies and activities, most applicable and interesting to Russian projects for now and the nearest future:

  • Appropriate solutions for building envelopes, including thermal insulation.
  • Technologies for heating and cooling.
  • LED lighting.
  • Mechanical ventilation with heat recovery.
  • Energy efficient elevators and escalators.
  • Autonomous external lighting systems.
  • SHW systems.
  • PV systems.
  • Vertical wind turbines.
  • Air and ground-sourced heat pumps.
  • Pellet-based heating systems.
  • Natural daylight up to 80 % of the office space (windows, panoramic windows, optical fibres, etc., mathematical modelling, lighting).
  • Shading structures on the facade.
  • Infrared presence sensors.
  • Meters for water consumption (sensors with pulse input).
  • Increased use of BMS.
  • Conducting technical audits of building systems.
  • Mathematical modelling as a guarantor of energy efficiency and comfort for the internal environment.
  • Water saving plumbing fixtures.
  • Materials and Furniture from wood certified by FSC.
  • Decoration and building materials used for the outer shell and interior with environmental labelling.
  • Re-use of treated water for irrigation and flushing.
  • Green roofing.
  • Indoor greenery, including green walls.
  • Management of household waste (separate collection and send for processing).
  • Transport planning: public transport, social infrastructure, and other aspects of transport accessibility.
  • Accessibility for people with limited mobility.
  • The availability of infrastructure for the use of bicycles.
  • Prevention of pollution from construction activities.